This is the third assignment I’ve posted from the National Genealogical Society’s Home Study Course, through which I am s…l..o…w….l…y progressing….(yes, OK, I am still on CD 1, but I have found the assignments worthwhile. Best Practices indeed! )
Lesson 5 Assignment: Choose one census year for one ancestor listed in your pedigree chart from Assignment No. 1. Look for the census record for your ancestor and for other persons in the county with the same surname.
1880 Ocie Ola Manning Census Research
Online “Repositories” Used: Ancestry.com, Heritage Quest and Family Search
Last year, I located the 7-member family of Ocie Ola [Ossie in the census] Manning (my great grandmother in my mother’s paternal line) in the 1880 census in Cobb County, Georgia, downloaded the image, and created a citation. It is on hand.
For the assignment, I searched first using Heritage Quest because I like its clarity of results by county, searching in 1880 for all Mannings in Georgia then viewing Cobb alone. You can see at a glance where other Mannings are clustered in the state. I then used the Ancestry.com index, searching all Mannings in Cobb County, Georgia, in 1880. It gives you additional counties beyond the one you specified – more of a cluttered look. In this case, though, the top results were the same. The additional 27 individuals with the surname Manning in Cobb County, were clustered in three family groupings (extracts here):
- Families headed W. Manning and P.P Manning in one dwelling adjacent to families headed by C.J. Manning and Jas A. Manning in another dwelling
- Family headed by Geo. M. Manning
- Family headed by Thomas Manning
Suddenly, I realized that neither search had turned up the Manning family I had identified last year! I used my ED and page number citation to locate the census image on Ancestry.com and used its split screen function to uncover the fact that the name had been indexed as “Maning” rather than “Manning.” The name, at best, is hard to read. It is possible to decipher it with two “n”s in the middle, but, if you do, there’s no room for a “n” before the “g” – making it “Mannig” instead. I updated my citation to include the fact that the name was indexed incorrectly, something I failed to note last year, and changed the access date.
I then repeated the searches on both Heritage Quest and Ancestry.com using “Maning” and turned up that family but no more.
The 1880 census has also been indexed by Family Search. When I searched on “John W. Manning”, the results included both spellings – Manning and Maning – a better result than either Ancestry.com or Heritage Quest.
Ocie’s parents, first cousins John and Fannie, are both listed in 1880 as being natives of Georgia. However, the 1870 census lists Fannie as having been born in South Carolina. As I have been able to deduce so far from other sources, John’s father, Walter was born in South Carolina and migrated to Georgia in the mid-1830s before John was born. Fannie was born to Mauldin Manning, Walter’s brother who stayed in South Carolina. Fannie came to Georgia and married her first cousin John. [This theme was repeated in my mother’s maternal line – geographically distant cousin comes to town to marry first cousin. I would love to have some correspondence from either period! Partially arranged marriages?]
In the other three families, the general trend is that the older adults were born in South Carolina and the younger ones were born in Georgia. W[alter] Manning and P. P. Manning are Ocie’s paternal grandfather and uncle, respectively, and had been identified previously. I knew a George Marion Manning to be another paternal uncle of Ocie’s; this was my first census sighting of him. (2) Interestingly, he’s the town clerk and must have lived next door or in the same building as the jail.
The connection of Thomas Manning is yet to be determined but given the common South Carolina roots, this will require a closer look. His age of 57, however, puts him between Walter’s generation (age 74) and Walter’s oldest son, George, at 42. He’s unlikely to be Walter’s son.
Another interesting figure is Jas A. Manning, living in the household of C.J. Manning as his brother-in-law (but with no apparent wife.) Is that the usual usage of brother-in-law? Was he a cousin married to a sister who had died? Was he a brother of C.J.’s wife but listed with the wrong surname? His parent birthplaces are different than those of C.J. ‘s wife, Mary. Another identity to explore!
The Mannings were located in three different enumeration districts (32, 35 & 37), all in Marietta. There is an additional ED in Marietta (36); so I read all four line-by-line to determine if there were any other Mannings. The ink used in ED 35 was particularly faint and hard to read on Ancestry.com. The contrast was much better on Heritage Quest. When I switched, I discovered that images from Heritage Quest load more quickly, making for faster browsing.
The EDs and districts were arranged differently. On Ancestry, when you selected Cobb County, it was divided first into townships, then by EDs. On Heritage Quest, there was no further selection by ED after selecting Marietta, so you couldn’t determine what ED numbers you would see until you paged through them. It was an interesting difference. It really is best to use both resources together.